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Learn about the at word family. Word families are groups of words that have a common pattern. Word families, sometimes called phonograms or chunks, can help. Word Families Books Showing 1-50 of 51 Hop On Pop (Paperback). Seuss (shelved 5 times as word-families) avg rating 3.98 — 50,322 ratings — published 1963.

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Word Families

Word families are groups of words that have a common feature or pattern - they have some of the same combinations of letters in them and a similar sound. For example, at, cat, hat, and fat are a family of words with the 'at' sound and letter combination in common.

The 37 most common word families in English (according to Wylie and Durrell) are: ack, ain, ake, ale, all, ame, an, ank, ap, ash, at, ate, aw ay, eat, ell, est, ice, ick, ide, ight, ill, in, ine, ing, ink, ip, it, ock, oke, op, ore, ot, uck ,ug, ump, unk.

Many of the nursery rhymes contain common word families. You can use these rhymes to teach these letter combinations (and how they are spelled and spoken), having the students sound them out after memorizing the rhyme. You can study one word family a week. Students can use the Little Explorers Picture Dictionary to look for more words that belong to word families.

The following is a list of the most common word families in English (from Wylie and Durrell, 1970, plus a few extra word families) and examples of each.

Word Families
ack

attack
back
black
crack
hack
Jack
knack
lack
pack
quack
rack
sack
snack
stack
tack
track
whack
Zack

ad

ad
bad
brad
cad
clad
dad
doodad
glad
had
lad
mad
pad
sad

age

age
cage
engage
rage
sage
stage
wage

ail

ail
fail
hail
jail
mail
nail
pail
rail
sail
snail
tail
wail

ain

brain
chain
complain
explain
gain
grain
main
obtain
pain
plain
rain
slain
Spain
sprain
stain
strain
train
vain

ake

awake
bake
brake
cake
fake
flake
Jake
lake
make
quake
rake
sake
shake
snake
stake
take
wake

ale

ale
bale
dale
gale
kale
male
pale
sale
scale
stale
tale
whale

all

all
ball
call
fall
gall
hall
install
mall
small
squall
stall
tall
thrall
wall

am

cam
clam
dam
dram
exam
gram
ham
jam
lam
ma'am
Pam
ram
Sam
scam
slam
spam
swam
tam
tram
wham
yam

ame

blame
came
fame
flame
frame
game
lame
name
same
shame
tame

an

an
ban
bran
can
clan
Dan
fan
flan
Fran
Jan
Japan
man
pan
pecan
plan
ran
scan
span
Stan
tan
than
van

ank

bank
blank
crank
dank
drank
flank
frank
Hank
plank
prank
rank
sank
shrank
spank
tank
thank
yank

ap

cap
clap
flap
gap
lap
map
nap
rap
sap
scrap
slap
snap
strap
tap
trap
wrap
yap
zap

ar

afar
bar
car
czar
far
gar
guitar
jar
mar
par
scar
spar
star
tar
tsar

ash

ash
bash
brash
cash
clash
crash
dash
flash
gash
gnash
hash
lash
mash
rash
sash
slash
smash
splash
stash
thrash
trash

at

at
bat
brat
cat
chat
fat
flat
gnat
hat
mat
pat
rat
sat
slat
spat
tat
that
vat

ate

abate
ate
crate
date
debate
fate
gate
grate
hate
Kate
late
mate
plate
rate
relate
sate
skate
state

aw

caw
claw
draw
flaw
gnaw
jaw
law
paw
raw
saw
slaw
straw
thaw

ay

away
bay
bray
clay
day
decay
delay
display
flay
gay
gray
hay
jay
lay
may
nay
okay
pay
play
pray
quay
ray
relay
replay
say
slay
spray
stay
stray
sway
they
today
tray
way

eat

beat
cheat
cleat
eat
feat
greet
heat
meat
neat
peat
pleat
seat
treat
wheat

eel

eel
feel
heel
keel
kneel
peel
reel
steel
wheel

eep

beep
creep
deep
jeep
keep
peep
seep
sheep
sleep
steep
sweep
weep

eet

beet
feet
fleet
greet
meet
sheet
sleet
street
sweet
tweet

ell

bell
cell
dell
dwell
farewell
fell
hell
sell
shell
smell
spell
swell
tell
well
yell

en

amen
Ben
children
den
fen
gentlemen
glen
Gwen
hen
men
open
pen
then
ten
when
wren
yen

ent

accent
bent
cent
dent
event
gent
lent
rent
scent
sent
spent
tent
vent
went

est

best
chest
crest
jest
nest
pest
quest
rest
test
unrest
vest
west
zest

ice

dice
ice
mice
nice
price
rice
slice
spice
splice
thrice
twice
vice

ick

brick
chick
click
flick
kick
lick
nick
pick
quick
Rick
sick
slick
stick
thick
tick
trick
wick

ide

bride
decide
glide
hide
pride
ride
side
slide
stride
tide
wide

ife

fife
knife
life
strife
wife

ight

bright
delight
fight
flight
fright
height
knight
light
might
night
plight
right
sight
slight
tight
tonight

ile

bile
file
mile
Nile
pile
rile
smile
stile
tile
vile
while

ill

bill
chill
dill
drill
fill
frill
gill
grill
hill
ill
Jill
kill
krill
mill
pill
quill
shrill
sill
skill
spill
still
swill
thrill
thrill
till
trill
will

in

bin
chin
din
fin
gin
grin
in
kin
pin
shin
skin
sin
spin
thin
tin
twin
win
within

ine

brine
decline
define
dine
fine
line
mine
nine
pine
shine
shrine
sine
spine
swine
tine
twine
vine
whine
wine

ing

bring
cling
fling
king
ping
ring
sing
sling
spring
sting
string
swing
thing
wing
wring
zing

ink

blink
brink
drink
fink
ink
link
mink
pink
rink
shrink
sink
stink
think
wink

ip

blip
chip
dip
drip
flip
grip
hip
lip
nip
quip
rip
ship
sip
skip
slip
snip
strip
tip
trip
whip
zip

it

admit
bit
fit
flit
grit
hit
it
kit
knit
lit
mit
pit
quit
sit
skit
slit
snit
spit
split
twit
wit

oat

boat
coat
float
gloat
goat
oat
stoat
throat

ock

block
clock
cock
crock
dock
flock
frock
hock
jock
knock
lock
mock
o'clock
rock
shock
smock
sock
stock

og

blog
bog
catalog
clog
cog
dog
fog
frog
hog
jog
log
slog
smog

oil

boil
broil
coil
foil
oil
soil
spoil
toil

oke

awoke
bloke
broke
choke
joke
poke
smoke
spoke
stoke
stroke
woke
yoke

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oo

boo
coo
goo
igloo
moo
shoo
too
woo
zoo

ood

good
hood
stood
wood

ood

brood
food
mood

oof

goof
proof
roof
spoof

oof

hoof
woof

ook

book
brook
cook
crook
hook
look
nook
rook
shook
took

oom

bloom
boom
broom
doom
gloom
groom
loom
room
zoom

ool

cool
drool
fool
pool
spool
stool
tool

oon

balloon
goon
loon
moon
noon
soon
spoon
swoon

oop

coop
droop
hoop
loop
scoop
snoop
stoop
troop

oot (long oo)

boot
hoot
scoot
shoot

oot (short oo)

foot
soot

op

bop
chop
cop
crop
drop
flop
hop
lop
mop
plop
pop
prop
sop
shop
stop
top

ore

bore
chore
core
fore
gore
lore
more
ore
pore
score
shore
sore
spore
store
swore
tore
wore
yore

orn

adorn
born
corn
forlorn
horn
morn
scorn
shorn
thorn
torn
worn

ot

apricot
blot
bot
clot
cot
dot
forgot
got
hot
jot
knot
lot
not
plot
pot
rot
shot
slot
spot
tot
trot

ought

bought
brought
fought
ought
sought
thought
wrought

ould

could
should
would

ouse

douse
grouse
house
louse
mouse
spouse

out

about
bout
clout
gout
grout
out
lout
pout
scout
shout
snout
spout
stout
tout
trout

ow (rhymes with cow)

bow
cow
chow
how
now
plow
sow
vow
wow

ow (rhymes with low)

bow
blow
crow
flow
glow
grow
low
mow
row
show
slow
snow
sow
stow
throw
tow

own

brown
crown
down
drown
frown
gown
nightgown
town

uck

buck
chuck
cluck
duck
luck
muck
puck
pluck
stuck
struck
truck
tuck
yuck

ug

bug
dug
hug
jug
lug
mug
plug
pug
rug
shrug
smug
snug
thug
tug

ump

bump
clump
dump
grump
hump
jump
lump
plump
pump
rump
slump
stump
thump
trump

un

bun
fun
gun
nun
pun
run
shun
spun
stun
sun

unk

bunk
chunk
drunk
dunk
flunk
funk
hunk
junk
lunk
plunk
punk
skunk
slunk
spunk
sunk
trunk

Books to Print About Word Families


Words that Rhyme with Ad
A Printable Mini Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'ad' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: dad, glad, lad, mad, pad, sad, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with ad?'


Words that Rhyme with Ail
A Printable Mini Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'ail' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: mail, nail, pail, quail, snail, tail, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with ail?'


Words that Rhyme with Ake
A Printable Mini Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'ake' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: bake, cake, flake, lake, snake, rake, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with ake?'


Words that Rhyme with All
A Printable Mini Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'all' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: ball, call, fall, hall, small, tall, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with all?'


'AN' Words Book
A book for early readers with words that have the 'an' sound, like can, fan, man, van, and pan. Each page has a sentence to copy. Pages include: Dan ran. Fran has a can. Jan can use a fan. The man has a van. The plan began. A pecan is in the pan. Nan is from Japan.


Words that Rhyme with Ar
A Printable Mini Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'ar' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: bar, car, far, jar, scar, star, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with ar?'


'AT' Words Book
A book for early readers with words that have the 'at' sound, like cat, hat, rat, vat, and mat. Each page has a sentence to copy. Pages include: Matt is at bat. Pat has a hat. This is a fat cat. Nat sat on a mat. The bat spat. The rat is in the vat. Drat, a gnat.


'At' Words Mini Book
A Printable Writing Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'at' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: cat, cat, hat, fat, rat, sat, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with at?'


'EN' Words Book
A book for early readers with words that have the 'en' sound, like pen, hen, and when. Each page has a sentence to copy. Pages include: Ben has a pen. There are ten men. Glen saw a hen. The wren is in the fen. Gwen asked, 'When?' and Ken said, 'Then!'


Words that Rhyme with Ig
A Printable Mini Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'ig' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: big, dig, fig, pig, twig, wig, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with ig?'
NURSERY RHYMES COLORING BOOK
A Mother Goose nursery rhyme coloring book you can print out, read, and color.


Words that Rhyme with Ool
A Printable Mini Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'ool' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: school, tool, stool, spool, pool, fool, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with ool?'

THERE WAS AN OLD LADY WHO SWALLOWED A FLY
A booklet to print and color.


Rhyming Words
A Printable Activity Book

A short, printable book about rhyming words -- for early readers. The book has pages for the student to cut out, objects to color, and rhyming words to find and write.


Words that Rhyme with Ug
A Printable Mini Book

A tiny, printable book about simple words rhyming with 'ug' -- for early readers and writers. The book has 2 pages to print and makes 8 pages for the student to cut out, color, and write in. The words are: bug, dug, jug, mug, pug, rug, and 'Can you think of another word that rhymes with ug?'
Word Wheels on Word Families


Word Wheel - AKE Words
'AKE' word wheel. This 2-page print-out makes a word wheel; it consists of a base page together with a wheel that spins around. When you spin the wheel, six words that rhyme with 'ake' are formed, one at a time: rake, cake, bake, snake, flake, and lake. The student then writes down the words that are formed by the word wheel and six others with the same ending.


Word Wheel - AN Words
'AN' word wheel. This 2-page print-out makes a word wheel; it consists of a base page together with a wheel that spins around. When you spin the wheel, six words that rhyme with 'an' are formed, one at a time: pan, fan, man, ran, can, and van. The student then writes down the words that are formed by the word wheel and six others with the same ending. FREE


Word Wheel - AR Words
'AR' word wheel. This 2-page print-out makes a word wheel; it consists of a base page together with a wheel that spins around. When you spin the wheel, six words that rhyme with 'ar' are formed, one at a time: bar, scar, star, car, far, and jar. The student then writes down the words that are formed by the word wheel and six others with the same ending.


Word Wheel - AT Words
'AT' word wheel. This 2-page print-out makes a word wheel; it consists of a base page together with a wheel that spins around. When you spin the wheel, six words that rhyme with 'at' are formed, one at a time: cat, hat, vat, rat, fat, and bat. The student then writes down the words that are formed by the word wheel and six others with the same ending.


Word Wheel - EN Words
'EN' word wheel. This 2-page print-out makes a word wheel; it consists of a base page together with a wheel that spins around. When you spin the wheel, six words that rhyme with 'en' are formed, one at a time: hen, wren, men, ten, pen, and when. The student then writes down the words that are formed by the word wheel and six others with the same ending.


Make Words Word Wheel —a—
Make a wheel about common words using this 2-page print-out; it consists of a base page together with two wheels that spin around. When you spin the wheels, many common compound words appear. The inner wheel has the letters c, f, g, h, l, p, t, and s. The outer wheel has the letter combinations: ab, ad, am, an, ap, ar, as, and at. The student then writes down the compound words that are formed by the wheel (not every combination is a proper word). Possible answers: cab, gab, lab, tab, cad, fad, gad, lad, had, pad, sad, tad, cam, ham, tam, can, fan, pan, tan, cap, gap, lap, sap, tap, car, far, gar, par, tar, gas, has, cat, fat, hat, pat, sat, tat.


Make Words Word Wheel —e—
Make a wheel about common words using this 2-page print-out; it consists of a base page together with two wheels that spin around. When you spin the wheels, many common compound words appear. The inner wheel has the letters b, g, h, l, m, p, s, and w. The outer wheel has the letter combinations: eb, ed, eg, em, en, er, et, and ew. The student then writes down the compound words that are formed by the wheel (not every combination is a proper word). Possible answers: bed, beg, gem, get, hem, hen, her, hew, led, leg, let, men, met, mew, peg, pen, per, pet, pew, set, sew, web, wed, wen, wet.


Make Words Word Wheel —i—
Make a wheel about common words using this 2-page print-out; it consists of a base page together with two wheels that spin around. When you spin the wheels, many common compound words appear. The inner wheel has the letters b, d, f, h, l, r, s, and w. The outer wheel has the letter combinations: ib, id, ig, im, in, ip, it, and ix. The student then writes down the compound words that are formed by the wheel (not every combination is a proper word). Possible answers: bib, bid, big, bin, bit, did, dig, dim, din, dip, fig, fin, fit, fix, hid, hip, hit, lid, lip, lit, rib, rid, rig, rim, rip, sin, sip, sir, six, wig, win, wit.


Make Words Word Wheel —o—
Make a wheel about common words using this 2-page print-out; it consists of a base page together with two wheels that spin around. When you spin the wheels, many common compound words appear. The inner wheel has the letters b, c, d, h, p, r, s, and t. The outer wheel has the letter combinations: ob, od, og, on, op, ot, ow, and ox. The student then writes down the compound words that are formed by the wheel (not every combination is a proper word). Possible answers: bob, bog, bot, bow, box, cob, cod, cog, con, cop, coy, cow, hod, hog, hop, hot, how, lob, log, lop, lot, low, lox, mob, mod, mop, mow, nod, not, now, sob, sod, son, sow, ton, top, tot, and tow.


Make Words Word Wheel —u—
Make a wheel about common words using this 2-page print-out; it consists of a base page together with two wheels that spin around. When you spin the wheels, many common compound words appear. The inner wheel has the letters b, c, d, h, p, r, s, and t. The outer wheel has the letter combinations: ub, ud, ug, un, up, ur, us, and ut. The student then writes down the compound words that are formed by the wheel (not every combination is a proper word). Possible answers: bud, bug, bun, bus, but, cub, cud, cup, cus, cut, dub, dud, dug, dun, hub, hug, hut, pub, pug, pun, pup, pus, put, rub, rug, run, rut, sub, sun, sup, tub, tug.
Activities About Word Families

Words that Rhyme with ..
Worksheets

On these printable worksheets, the student writes six words that rhyme with a simple sound. Worksheets including the sounds: ad, ag, ake, all, an, ap, ar, at, ate, ay, ed, ee, ell, en, est, et, ig, ink, ing, ip, og, and op, ot, un.

Word Families Worksheets

Word families used in Nursery Rhymes:

Bees: ay, may, hay.

The Boy in the Barn: ay, hay, away.

Curly Locks: ine, mine, swine.

Five Speckled Frogs: og, frog, log; ool, cool, pool.

Georgie Porgie: ay, play, away.

Hey Diddle Diddle: iddle, diddle, fiddle; oon, spoon, moon.

Hickety, Pickety, My Black Hen: en, hen, gentlemen; ay, day, lay.

Hickory Dickory Dock: ock, dock, clock; ive, five, hive; ine, nine, fine.

Humpty Dumpty: all, wall, fall.

Hush A Bye Baby: all, all, fall.

I'm a Little Teapot: out, out, spout, stout.

Jack and Jill: ill, Jill, hill; own, down, crown.

Jack Be Nimble: ick, quick, stick.

Knick Knack Paddy Whack: ee, three, knee; ive, five, hive; ine, nine, shine; en, ten, hen, eleven, heaven.

Little Bo Peep: eep, peep, sheep.

Little Boy Blue: orn, horn, corn; eep, sheep, asleep.

Word Families

Little Jack Horner: horner, corner.

Little Mouse: ouse, mouse, house; eal, steal, meal; out, about; un, fun, run; eep, creep, peep.

Little Sally Walker: est, west, best.

Mary, Mary, Quite Contrary: ary, Mary, contrary; ow, row, grow; ells, shells, bells.

Mockingbird: ing, ring, sing; brass, glass.

Monday's Child: ace, grace, face; ing, giving, living; ay, day, gay.

The Northwind Doth Blow: ow, blow, snow; ing, wing, thing.

Old Mother Hubbard: ead, bread, dead; at, cat, hat; ig, wig, jig; oat, coat, goat.

One, Two, Buckle my Shoe: en, ten, hen; twelve, delve.

One, Two, Three, Four, Five: ive, alive, five.

Peter, Peter, Pumpkin-eater: ell, shelll, well.

Rain, Rain: ay, away, day.

Rub-a-Dub-Dub: ub, dub, tub; ee, be, three.

See-Saw Marjorie Daw: aw, Daw, saw, straw.

Sing a Song of Sixpence: ing, king, sing; oney, money, honey.

Star Light, Star Bright : ight, light, bright, night.

Ten Little Monkeys: ed, bed, head.

There was a Crooked Man: ile, mile, stile; ouse, mouse, house.

There was an Old Lady Who Swallowed a Fly: at, cat, that; og, hog, dog; ow, cow, how.

Three Blind Mice: ife, wife, knife.

Three Little Kittens: en, kitten, mitten; ear, dear, fear.

To Market: ig, pig, jig; og, hog, jog.

Tom, Tom, the Piper's Son: eat, eat, beat.

Tommy Tittlemouse: ouse, Tittlemouse, house.

Tweedle-Dum and Tweedle-Dee: attle, battle, rattle.

Vintery, mintery, cutery, corn,: orn, corn, thorn; ock, lock, flock; est, west, nest.

Wee Willie Winkie: own, town, nightgown; ock, lock, o'clock.

What Are Little Girls Made Of? What Are Little Boys Made Of?: ice, spice, nice; ails, snails, tails.

Yankee Doodle: andy, dandy, handy; ing, Gooding, pudding.

Phonics word families are groups of words that havesimilar letter patterns. By learning just one patternyour child can learn many words at the same time.

When two vowels are placed side-by-side, in most cases the first vowel says its name and the other is silent. Take for example the word rain. Notice that the a in rain says its name and the second vowel i is silent.


Here is a great way to teach this basic phonics rule to a child.

Word Family Examples

Here is a word family your child will learn as anearly reader.

cat matsat fat rat bat hat pat vat

All of these words have the letters at incommon. When we read the words aloud the second part of each word sounds and looks the same . This makesthem rhyme. In the at family the words are identical, except for thefirst letter. This is one of the first phonics word families children learn.

The following word family is more complex and wouldbe taught at a much later stage in a child's reading and spelling. The partthat is repeated in this family of words is ain.

train gainrefrain obtain main remain explain rainbrain drain grain stain


Follow This Sequence of Phonics Word Families

There are many different patterns or word families in the English language. The good news is that patterns are recyclable! That means that if your child learns a particular pattern once, they will be able to learn all the other words in that phonics word family without stress. It speeds up the process of learning to read and write.


This is how I, as a literacy teacher, teach thestages. I introduce my students to simple phonics word families in this order..

1. am family

Words like..

ham Samram bam dam jam Pam yam

Word Families For Kindergarten

I choose this family first because the letters aand m are among the first letters children should be taught to blendtogether. They are the easiest for beginner readers to learn.

2. at family

Words like those mentioned above..

cat matsat fat rat bat hat pat vat

You probably have memories of reading books aboutcats on mats. Again this is because the t sound is learned early as somany words contain it.

3. an family

Words like..

can, Dan,fan, man, pan, ran, van

4. ad family

Words like..

Word

bad dadhad lad mad pad sad

All these words have what we call a short vowel ain the middle of them. The short a sounds like the way we say aaaat the beginning of the word apple.

Once your child understands what paticular sounds the lettersmake and how to form the letters they will be able to spell them as well asread them. It all depends on how well they can use a pencil but if their pencilgrip is good they can sound out the letters and spell them not long after theylearn to read them.

I focus on the vowel e when I teach the nextgroup of phonics word families.

5. et family

Words like..

bet getjet let met net pet set vet wet

6. ed family

Words like..

bed, fed,led, Ted, Jed

7. en family

Words like..

Ben, den,hen, Jen, men, pen, ten

You will be getting the idea by now. Notice that atthe early stages the words should only contain three letters. For young readersthat is plenty to concentrate on.

Next you move towords with other vowels like..

i then o thenu.

For a full list of words using these other vowels, click on the link

How To Teach Spelling.

Jack Hartmann Word Families




Once your child has learned to smoothly blend thefirst few word families they will understand what to do as they work their waythrough the different vowels.

Word Families 1

Learn these word patterns and the more advancedones and it will make reading and writing much easier.


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